ATTENTION! Information importante pour l'authentification avec Git ici: https://labinfo.ing.he-arc.ch/gitlab/labinfo/support/wikis/how-to-use-git-with-gitlab

Dynamic Application Security Testing (DAST) (ULTIMATE)

Introduced in GitLab Ultimate 10.4.

NOTE: 4 of the top 6 attacks were application based. Download our whitepaper, "A Seismic Shift in Application Security" to learn how to protect your organization.

Running static checks on your code is the first step to detect vulnerabilities that can put the security of your code at risk. Yet, once deployed, your application is exposed to a new category of possible attacks, such as cross-site scripting or broken authentication flaws. This is where Dynamic Application Security Testing (DAST) comes into place.

Overview

If you are using GitLab CI/CD, you can analyze your running web application(s) for known vulnerabilities using Dynamic Application Security Testing (DAST).

You can take advantage of DAST by either including the CI job in your existing .gitlab-ci.yml file or by implicitly using Auto DAST that is provided by Auto DevOps.

GitLab checks the DAST report, compares the found vulnerabilities between the source and target branches, and shows the information right on the merge request.

DAST Widget

By clicking on one of the detected linked vulnerabilities, you will be able to see the details and the URL(s) affected.

DAST Widget Clicked

Dynamic Application Security Testing (DAST) is using the popular open source tool OWASP ZAProxy to perform an analysis on your running web application.

By default, DAST executes ZAP Baseline Scan and will perform passive scanning only. It will not actively attack your application.

However, DAST can be configured to also perform a so-called "active scan". That is, attack your application and produce a more extensive security report. It can be very useful combined with Review Apps.

The dast Docker image in GitLab container registry is updated on a weekly basis to have all owasp2docker-weekly updates in it.

Use cases

It helps you automatically find security vulnerabilities in your running web applications while you are developing and testing your applications.

Requirements

To run a DAST job, you need GitLab Runner with the docker executor.

Configuration

For GitLab 11.9 and later, to enable DAST, you must include the DAST.gitlab-ci.yml template that's provided as a part of your GitLab installation. For GitLab versions earlier than 11.9, you can copy and use the job as defined in that template.

Add the following to your .gitlab-ci.yml file:

include:
  template: DAST.gitlab-ci.yml

variables:
  DAST_WEBSITE: https://example.com

There are two ways to define the URL to be scanned by DAST:

  • Set the DAST_WEBSITE variable.
  • Add it in an environment_url.txt file at the root of your project.

The included template will create a dast job in your CI/CD pipeline and scan your project's source code for possible vulnerabilities.

The results will be saved as a DAST report artifact that you can later download and analyze. Due to implementation limitations we always take the latest DAST artifact available. Behind the scenes, the GitLab DAST Docker image is used to run the tests on the specified URL and scan it for possible vulnerabilities.

Authenticated scan

It's also possible to authenticate the user before performing the DAST checks:

include:
  template: DAST.gitlab-ci.yml

variables:
  DAST_WEBSITE: https://example.com
  DAST_AUTH_URL: https://example.com/sign-in
  DAST_USERNAME: john.doe@example.com
  DAST_PASSWORD: john-doe-password
  DAST_USERNAME_FIELD: session[user] # the name of username field at the sign-in HTML form
  DAST_PASSWORD_FIELD: session[password] # the name of password field at the sign-in HTML form
  DAST_AUTH_EXCLUDE_URLS: http://example.com/sign-out,http://example.com/sign-out-2 # optional, URLs to skip during the authenticated scan; comma-separated, no spaces in between

The results will be saved as a DAST report artifact that you can later download and analyze. Due to implementation limitations, we always take the latest DAST artifact available.

Full scan

DAST can be configured to perform ZAP Full Scan, which includes both passive and active scanning against the same target website:

include:
  template: DAST.gitlab-ci.yml

variables:
  DAST_FULL_SCAN_ENABLED: "true"

Customizing the DAST settings

The DAST settings can be changed through environment variables by using the variables parameter in .gitlab-ci.yml. These variables are documented in the DAST README.

For example:

include:
  template: DAST.gitlab-ci.yml

variables:
  DAST_WEBSITE: https://example.com
  DAST_TARGET_AVAILABILITY_TIMEOUT: 120

Because the template is evaluated before the pipeline configuration, the last mention of the variable will take precedence.

Overriding the DAST template

If you want to override the job definition (for example, change properties like variables or dependencies), you need to declare a dast job after the template inclusion and specify any additional keys under it. For example:

include:
  template: DAST.gitlab-ci.yml

dast:
  stage: dast # IMPORTANT: don't forget to add this
  variables:
    DAST_WEBSITE: https://example.com
    CI_DEBUG_TRACE: "true"

As the DAST job belongs to a separate dast stage that runs after all default stages, don't forget to add stage: dast when you override the template job definition.

Available variables

DAST can be configured using environment variables. Since it's a wrapper around the ZAP scanning scripts (baseline or full scan), it accepts all arguments those scripts recognize (the arguments are the same). The choice of the scan type depends on the DAST_FULL_SCAN_ENABLED environment variable value.

Environment variable Required Description
DAST_WEBSITE yes The URL of the website to scan.
DAST_AUTH_URL no The authentication URL of the website to scan.
DAST_USERNAME no The username to authenticate to in the website.
DAST_PASSWORD no The password to authenticate to in the website.
DAST_USERNAME_FIELD no The name of username field at the sign-in HTML form.
DAST_PASSWORD_FIELD no The name of password field at the sign-in HTML form.
DAST_AUTH_EXCLUDE_URLS no The URLs to skip during the authenticated scan; comma-separated, no spaces in between.
DAST_TARGET_AVAILABILITY_TIMEOUT no Time limit in seconds to wait for target availability. Scan is attempted nevertheless if it runs out. Integer. Defaults to 60.
DAST_FULL_SCAN_ENABLED no Switches the tool to execute ZAP Full Scan instead of ZAP Baseline Scan. Boolean. true, True, or 1 are considered as true value, otherwise false. Defaults to false.

Security Dashboard

The Security Dashboard is a good place to get an overview of all the security vulnerabilities in your groups and projects. Read more about the Security Dashboard.

Interacting with the vulnerabilities

Once a vulnerability is found, you can interact with it. Read more on how to interact with the vulnerabilities.

Vulnerabilities database update

For more information about the vulnerabilities database update, check the maintenance table.